The Trends Of Operating Systems Information Technology Essay (2022)

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In short, the operating system is the brain of a computer. The computer only works depending on what kind of operating system it is using. Most people prefer to use Windows than other systems because it is being globally used. The people who chose Macs over Windows did so because Macs works very smoothly for them, they are virtually virus free and that the hardware are also sleek and high-end looking. Linux users prefer to use Linux because it is an open source and not only are they virus free, but they also can download the software for free over the internet. It does not matter what kind of Operating System the consumer wishes to use because it all comes down to their own preferences. 5

Task 2-Presentation 6

Task 1-Report

What products does my local area import?

What products does my local area import? You can research one product, a type of product, or several different products. You will need to look at the current trends and how these are changing, and how they are expected to change in the future. You should look at the reasons behind the trends. You can research this online and also get information from local business or shops. You do not necessarily have to look at large scale imports in major industries – it could be a small store which imports fruit and vegetables from a nearby farm.

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Operating System

The Operating System-or OS for short-used on a computer really depends on what type of computer the consumer itself is using. The operating system’s version will have to depend on user’s preferences and what they are aiming to achieve with the product. If a person buys a Sony VAIO, he or she is most likely to use Windows as his/her computer’s operating system, and if the person buys an Apple, it would be Mac because the system has been pre-loaded into their computers. A computer is considered useless if it is without its operating system.

Current Trend:

In Brunei, Microsoft Windows is being widely used and preferred at the moment. Reason being is that most of the consumer’s primary computers’ operating system is Windows. Thus, a lot of the people prefer to use Windows because it is what they are familiar and comfortable with. It is also easier for them to do their work since most of them-be it at school or in the office-still prefer Windows than other operating systems and they can easily sync their work without having to change their files’ format to suit the operating system they are using.

However, the Windows users have to deal with virus prone software that are highly disliked by the consumers as the virus will corrupt their work. Even with anti-virus programs installed into their computers, they still get virus threats every now and then because when you buy a PC, you get both the hardware and software from different companies, which makes it vulnerable to virus attacks because Windows allow various types application to be download into the system and viruses are one of them.

Changing Trends:

Macintosh was the first computer ever produced, however Windows gained popularity because it sold itself to big companies such as IBM.

The government has recently introduced Mac to students by providing public schools with MacBooks so that their students can be Apple literate. The public people, although not in a very large number, are also slowly starting to shift to Mac because they feel that it is much more secure and reliable in terms of virus handling and crashing programs than Windows because Mac’s applications and computers are both made Apple. Since Mac’s applications are made to work generally the same way, it would be easier for users to learn and navigate throughout the system.

Apple build their own computers and software so it rarely crash or freeze or even catch a virus because its design. Apple’s browser, Safari alerts users when an item has finished downloading as well as continually making free security updates with the option of having it automatically downloaded.

Future Trends:

Even with the currently slow Windows to Mac conversion in Brunei, there are people who also wish to switch from Windows to Linux, but not in a very large number. Why people would want to switch to Linux is because not only Linux is freely distributed, its functionality, flexibility and sturdiness has made it the main alternative for proprietary UNIX and Microsoft operating systems. Not only that most of their software are virus free but the system also automatically updates them. Major computing companies have embraced and supported Linux’s development and it has been adopted worldwide primarily as a server platform and is getting more common for home and office desktop.

Whether it’s a scientist, a hacker, a student or someone who wants to store everything on the internet, there’s always something for everyone, but if there is not any flavour of Linux for you, you could always tailor one for yourself.

You can install Linux on your computer, your tablet, your phone or even your washing machine and it will run just fine. Linux is very flexible in that way and that flexibility is what makes it so powerful and is why many labs, servers and companies use Linux.

Chart:

According to the survey conducted, 69% people who did the survey are Windows user, 27% of them uses Mac and the remaining 4% uses Linux.

1 out 4 Windows user, who are using Windows 7 wishes to move to Mac because Mac is much better in terms of virus handling and it is cheaper compared to when they buy a PC.

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1 out of 8 user wishes to move to Linux because they are interested on how it works as Linux is a free open source that are powered and developed by the community.

3 out 4 Windows user, who are using older versions of Windows, wishes to upgrade their PC to Windows 7 because:

This version of Windows has improved itself in such a way that the users can multi-task easier on it than on the previous versions. It keeps the system safe by having a built-in protection against spyware and other malicious software, and it also encrypts the entire drive.

Users will spend less time waiting for their PC to get ready if they use the Sleep Mode because it is made to do so. It is also designed to reconnect to their wireless network faster so it will be ready in seconds.

It has added features such as Pin and Jump List and it is able to navigate lots of open windows.

Users can turn their PC into a Wi-Fi hotspot and share any kind of Internet connection wirelessly with any Wi-Fi enabled devices by using ‘Connectify’.

Conclusion:

In short, the operating system is the brain of a computer. The computer only works depending on what kind of operating system it is using. Most people prefer to use Windows than other systems because it is being globally used. The people who chose Macs over Windows did so because Macs works very smoothly for them, they are virtually virus free and that the hardware are also sleek and high-end looking. Linux users prefer to use Linux because it is an open source and not only are they virus free, but they also can download the software for free over the internet. It does not matter what kind of Operating System the consumer wishes to use because it all comes down to their own preferences.

Task 2-Presentation

The topic of your report- what you chose to investigate.

The topic is about Operating System.

The conclusion of your report.

In short, the operating system is the brain of a computer. The computer only works depending on what kind of operating system it is using. Most people prefer to use Windows than other systems because it is being globally used. The people who chose Macs over Windows did so because Macs works very smoothly for them, they are virtually virus free and that the hardware are also sleek and high-end looking. Linux users prefer to use Linux because it is an open source and not only are they virus free, but they also can download the software for free over the internet. It does not matter what kind of Operating System the consumer wishes to use because it all comes down to their own preferences.

The research that support your conclusion.

Mac Vs. PC: Myth-Busting Guide For Consumers

(http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/mac-vs-pc-myth-busting-consumer-guide/)

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The Benefits of Mac Vs. PC

(http://www.brighthub.com/computing/mac-platform/articles/61625.aspx)

About Linux

(http://www.linux.org/info/index.html)

Survey Form

(http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/VRV8K3G)

How the research supports your conclusions and how you came to these conclusions.

I found the information needed from the internet and from the survey I have conducted. My conclusion speaks about the consumers’ preferences on which type of Operating System they will then wish to choose.

The steps you took to research your report.

I first understand the question. Then, I thought of topic and then proceeded to come up with ideas for my report from the internet. I gathered information from each of the Operating Systems’ official website, except for Linux as there is not any existing official website, and other websites that compares what kind of Operating System the public prefers to use.

How you conducted research

I have conducted a survey on Survey Monkey (http://www.surveymonkey.com) so that the public people can provide me with information I need to complete my report.

I have gathered information through the internet from a search engine, Google, to find relevant websites.

How you evaluated the sources

I took the relevant points and compared them with each other to confirm that what I wrote in my report in accurate.

Why you chose your sources

They are reliable.

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They provide clear explanations on each of the products.

I can comprehend their clarification on the subject.

The steps you took to write and edit your report.

I gathered as much information I can get and then summaries the indentified relevant points and I tried to avoid repetition.

How you feel about your ability and skills as a writer

My writing skills are not so brilliant because I cannot interpret the things I visualised onto paper very well.

Your strengths and weaknesses

Strength:

I have a fairly good vocabulary so it made my task somewhat easier.

Weakness:

I had trouble identifying key points in the gathered information.

I also had trouble composing the report because of my lack of key point identifying skills.

I spent too much time on thinking of what kind of information to collect.

What you would change next time and why

I wish to improve my time managing skills and identifying skills in written form so that I will not submit my work so close to the due date and I can ignore irrelevant information.

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FAQs

What is operating system and its trends? ›

The operating system is basically an interface that connects a computer to computer hardware. It is the software that performs various tasks like memory management, process management, files management, handles the input as well as the output, and controls peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

What is operating system short essay? ›

Operating system is a system software that is manages a computer hardware and a computer software provides resources and a common service of computer programs. Operating system provides all computer program and other devise including firmware to perform any function.

Why is the operating system an important answer? ›

It manages the computer's memory and processes, as well as all of its software and hardware. It also allows you to communicate with the computer without knowing how to speak the computer's language. Without an operating system, a computer is useless.

What is operating system very short answer type question? ›

An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API).

What do you understand by operating system? ›

The operating system (OS) manages all of the software and hardware on the computer. It performs basic tasks such as file, memory and process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

What is operating system explain with example? ›

Operating System is defined as a collection of programs that coordinates the operations of computer hardware and software. It acts as a bridge for the interface between man and machine. Examples of Operating System are: Windows Linux BOSS etc.

What are the functions of operating system essay? ›

FUNCTIONS OF OPERATING SYSTEM

It manages the hardware and software resources of the system. In desktop computers these resources such as processors, memory disk space and more. It provides stable, constant way of applications to deal with the hardware without having the full details of the hardware.

How the evolution of an operating system takes place to reach today's operating system? ›

Operating systems have evolved from slow and expensive systems to present-day technology where computing power has reached exponential speeds and relatively inexpensive costs. In the beginning, computers were manually loaded with program code to control computer functions and process code related to business logic.

How have operating systems developed over time? ›

The first operating systems were developed in the 1950s, when computers could only run one program at a time. Later in the following decades, computers began to include more and more software programs, sometimes called libraries, that came together to create the start of today's operating systems.

What is an operating system give its purpose how it works similar to government? ›

An operating system is an important part of almost every com- puter system. An OS is similar to a government; a resource allocator and a control program. As a government the OS performs no useful function by itself, it simply provides a good environment.

Why is it important for us to learn the components of system unit? ›

To understand the working of computer is not easy, If we show it with the help of it's units and functions, then it will be easy to understand. Hardware components of computer are: Keyboard, Mouse, Monitor, CPU, Sound Bars and all the units to which we can touch and see.

What is operating system in one line answer? ›

An operating system is a program that manages the computer hardware. it act as an intermediate between a users of a computer and the computer hardware. It controls and coordinates the use of the hardware among the various application programs for the various users. 2.

What is operating system answer in one word? ›

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs. ...

What is the main purpose of an operating system discuss different types? ›

An operating system has three main functions: (1) manage the computer's resources, such as the central processing unit, memory, disk drives, and printers, (2) establish a user interface, and (3) execute and provide services for applications software.

Why is it important to study operating system? ›

Understanding the services offered by an operating system will influence how you design applications. Administer and use system well. You will develop a better understanding of the structure of modern computing systems, from the hardware level through the operating system level and onto the applications level.

What do you learn in operating systems class? ›

This course teaches the basic operating system abstractions, mechanisms, and their implementations. The core of the course contains concurrent programming (threads and synchronization), inter process communication, and an introduction to distributed operating systems.

Which operating system is easy to use? ›

#1) MS-Windows

Windows is the most popular and familiar operating system on this list. From Windows 95, all the way to the Windows 10, it has been the go-to operating software that is fueling the computing systems worldwide. It is user-friendly, and starts up & resumes operations fast.

How many operating systems are there in the world? ›

But that's just in the world of personal computers, mobile devices, and tablets. When you examine server OSs, the number jumps considerably. All told, there are over 63 base proprietary OSs with various versions or updates, in addition to another 26 non-proprietary OSs.

What are the types of operating system in computer? ›

Linux, Windows, macOS. 64-bit OS and 32-bit OS. Batch OS, Time-Sharing OS, Distributed OS, Real-Time OS, Networking OS.

Which of the following is a key reason an operating system is the most important system software? ›

Which of the following is a key reason an operating system is the most important system software? It manages interfaces with the computer.

What is the main purpose of an operating system quizlet? ›

An operating system is a program that manages a computer's hardware as well as providing an environment for applications programs to run on.

What does an operating system provide so you can interact with a device? ›

The operating system provides an interface between an application program and the computer hardware, so that an application program can interact with the hardware only by obeying rules and procedures programmed into the operating system.

What is an operating system brief introduction and evolution? ›

Hence, the operating system is a resource manager that handles the resource as a user view and system view. The evolution of the operating system is marked from the programming of punch cards to training machines to speak and interpret any language. All in One Software Development Bundle (600+ Courses, 50+ projects)

What are the services operating system provides to both the users and to the programs? ›

What are the services operating System provides to both the users and to the programs? Explanation: An Operating System provides services to both the users and to the programs. It provides programs an environment to execute and It provides users the services to execute the programs in a convenient manner.

When was operating system developed? ›

The first operating systems were developed in the mid-1950s. These were small “supervisor programs” that provided basic I/O operations (such as controlling punch card readers and printers) and kept accounts of CPU usage for billing.

Why operating systems were developed? ›

Because the computer could operate much more quickly than the programmer could load or unload tape or cards, the computer spent a great deal of time idle. To overcome this expensive idle time, the first rudimentary operating systems (OS) were devised.

What was the first operating system developed? ›

The first operating system used for real work was GM-NAA I/O, produced in 1956 by General Motors' Research division for its IBM 704.

Which generation is operating system developed? ›

The Fourth Generation ( 1980 - Present ): Personal Computers

The advent of personal computers also led to the growth of networks. This created network operating systems and distributed operating systems.

What is the conclusion of operating system? ›

In conclusion, an operating system is a software that manages computer hardware and software resources, and to provide public services for computer programs. The operating system is an important part of the system software in a computer system.

What are the advantages of using a real operating system in examples? ›

Advantages of Real-Time Operating Systems
  • Priority Based Scheduling.
  • Abstracting Timing Information.
  • Maintainability/Extensibility.
  • Modularity.
  • Promotes Team Development.
  • Easier Testing.
  • Code Reuse.
  • Improved Efficiency.
1 Nov 2021

How do operating systems make life easier for end users? ›

How do operating systems make life easier for end users? An operating system provides a common set of controls for managing hardware. This makes it easier for users to understand. Also, the consistent commands make it easier for programmers to write application software.

Do you think it is important to learn how do you use a computer? ›

Learning about computers help you find a job

Almost every job today and jobs of the future require some technical knowledge. Learning more about computers and computer software required for the job is a competitive edge against others who may be applying for the same job.

What is the importance of computer system specification Why? ›

By defining the user and the system at various points in time, the specification provides the junction between the way the organisation is and the way it wants to be in the future. The specification is therefore a key document in organisational development.

Do the components play an important role in the computer system explain your answer? ›

Each hardware component plays an important role in computing. The input devices accept data and instructions and convert them to a form that the computer can understand. The CPU processes the data and instructions submitted by the input devices and turn this data into meaningful information.

What do you mean by operating system Explain with examples? ›

Operating System is defined as a collection of programs that coordinates the operations of computer hardware and software. It acts as a bridge for the interface between man and machine. Examples of Operating System are: Windows Linux BOSS etc. Related Answer.

What is an operating system in simple words? ›

An Operating System (OS) is an interface between a computer user and computer hardware. An operating system is a software which performs all the basic tasks like file management, memory management, process management, handling input and output, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.

What is Introduction to operating system? ›

An operating system acts as an intermediary between the user of a computer and computer hardware. The purpose of an operating system is to provide an environment in which a user can execute programs conveniently and efficiently. An operating system is a software that manages computer hardware.

How does an operating system work? ›

An Operating System (OS) is a collection of software that manages computer hardware and provides services for programs. Specifically, it hides hardware complexity, manages computational resources, and provides isolation and protection. Most importantly, it directly has privilege access to the underlying hardware.

What is process in operating system? ›

A process is a running program that serves as the foundation for all computation. The procedure is not the same as computer code, although it is very similar. In contrast to the program, which is often regarded as some 'passive' entity, a process is an 'active' entity.

What is the role of operating systems in a computer or any other electronic devices laptops tablets personal computer and cellphones? ›

An operating system is the most important software which runs on a computer. It controls the computer's memory, processes and all software and hardware. Several computer programs normally run at the same time, all of which need to access the computer's processor (CPU), memory, and storage.

Which of the following are the functions of a operating system? ›

Functions of Operating Systems
  • Security. ...
  • Control over system performance. ...
  • Job Accounting. ...
  • Error detecting aids. ...
  • Coordination between other software and users. ...
  • Memory Management. ...
  • Processor Management. ...
  • Device Management.
25 Nov 2021

How is a mobile operating system different from a personal computer operating system? ›

Mobile OS handles cellular and wireless connectivity and device access. On the other hand, the desktop OS handles the software and hardware resources of the system. Mobile OS runs on touchscreen or touchpad devices. On the other hand, the desktop OS runs through many input devices, including mouse, keyboard, etc.

What is the future of Windows operating system? ›

Windows 10 will continue to be supported until October 2025. Microsoft did not comment when asked if the 21H2 update would be the final feature update for Windows 10, but it did confirm that monthly security and related updates will continue to support the operating system.

Which are evolutions of operating system? ›

Operating System Evolution
  • First Generation (1945-1955) It is the beginning of the development of electronic computing systems which are substitutes for mechanical computing systems. ...
  • Second Generation (1955-1965) ...
  • Third Generation (1965-1980) ...
  • Fourth Generation (1980-Now)
25 Nov 2021

What is operating system flavor in Linux? ›

Red hat linux is currently most popular linux flavour. As a company Red hat provides software's and services to implement and support professional and commercial linux system. Red hat freely distributes its version of linux under the GNU/GPL License. Red hat linux is currently most popular linux flavour.

What is the future of operating systems? ›

Today's operating systems are conceptually upside-down. They developed the hard way, gradually struggling upwards from the machinery (processors, memory, disks and displays) toward the user. In the future, operating systems and information management tools will grow top-down.

Why is it important to use operating system in our modern society? ›

The operating system helps us to control and connect with the Internet of Things around us. And let's not forget the application, which needs an operating system to provide system services as well as linkage to its dependencies -- the required software libraries, run time components, and device drivers.

What is the impact of cloud on operating systems in future? ›

Cloud with Operating System :

Through virtualization, most server operating systems now support and will continue to support hypervisors that allow multiple (and possibly different) operating systems to run simultaneously. Virtualized servers will continue to play huge role in driving operations of cloud.

How has an operating system developed over time? ›

The first operating systems were developed in the 1950s, when computers could only run one program at a time. Later in the following decades, computers began to include more and more software programs, sometimes called libraries, that came together to create the start of today's operating systems.

What are the functions of operating system? ›

Functions of Operating System
  • File Management. An operating system's (OS) primary function is to manage files and folders. ...
  • Device management. Operating systems provide essential functions for managing devices connected to a computer. ...
  • Process management. ...
  • Memory management. ...
  • Job Accounting.
23 Sept 2022

What is the difference between different operating systems? ›

Single-user operating systems have only one user but may allow multiple programs to run at the same time. A multi-tasking operating system allows more than one program to be running at the same time, from the point of view of human time scales. A single-tasking system has only one running program.

What term is used for a software bundle that includes the Linux kernel and additional software? ›

A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection that includes the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.

How many types of Linux operating systems are there? ›

There are over 600 Linux distros and about 500 in active development.

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