The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (2022)

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (1)

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

Table of contents

01Founding of Android02The Android logo03The launch04Android version history05Future of Android

Sometimes it feels like we’ve been running Google’s mobile OS on our Android devices forever. However, it’s been just over a decade since the first official Android phone hit store shelves. The key decision in Android history was Google’s commitment to make Android an open-source operating system. That allowed it to become highly popular with third-party phone makers. Just a few years after the launch of Android 1.0, smartphones powered by the new OS were everywhere.

13 years later, we are on Android 12. The OS has become the most popular mobile operating system globally. It has defeated its many competitors like Symbian, BlackBerry, Palm OS, webOS, and Windows Phone (many of which have died along the way). Apple’s iOS is the only platform still standing as a serious competitor to Android. That situation doesn’t look like it will change anytime soon.

Let’s take a look at the Android history so far.

Read more:Every Android Easter egg and how to find it

The founding of Android

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (2)

Android history begins in October 2003. This was well before the term smartphone became ubiquitous. It’s also several years before Apple announced the first iPhone and iOS. Android Inc was founded in Palo Alto, California. Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White, and Andy Rubin were its four founders. At the time, Rubin mentioned Android Inc would develop “smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owner’s location and preferences.”

Rubin revealed in a 2013 speech in Tokyo that Android OS was originally meant to improve the operating systems of digital cameras. Even back then, the market for stand-alone digital cameras was declining. A few months later, Android Inc shifted gears towards using the OS inside mobile phones.

Google bought Android in 2005 and everything changed.

In 2005, the next significant chapter in Android history began when Google acquired the original company. Rubin and other founding members continued developing the OS under their new owners. They then decided to use Linux as the basis for the Android OS. That made it possible to offer the operating system to third-party mobile manufacturers for free. Google and the Android team felt the company could profit from providing other services, including apps.

Rubin stayed at Google as head of the Android team until 2013. This was when the Mountain View company announced Andy would be leaving the division. In late 2014, Rubin left Google altogether and launched a startup business incubator before eventually returning to the smartphone business with the ill-fated Essential in 2017.

The Android logo

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (3)

Irina Blok created the now-familiar logo for the Android OS while working for Google. It looks like a combination of a robot and a green bug. Blok has said the only directive the Google design team gave her was to make the logo look like a robot. Blok also stated that one of her inspirations for the final design for the Android mascot was the familiar restroom logos representing “Men” and “Women.”

One thing that Blok and Google decided was to make the Android robot itself an open-source project. Nearly every other huge company would protect such a logo or mascot from redesigns. However, tons of people have modified Android’s logo, because Google allows such changes under the Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License.

The Android mascot — also known as just “Andy” — was overhauled alongside much of Android’s branding in 2019. Andy may have lost his body, but the new look is now much more ubiquitous across all of Android’s branding.

Android 1.0: The beginning of Android history

In 2007, Apple launched the first iPhone and ushered in a new era in mobile computing. At the time, Google was still working on Android in secret, but in November of that year, the company slowly started to reveal its plans to compete with Apple and other mobile platforms. In a major development, Google led the formation of the Open Handset Alliance. It included phone makers like HTC and Motorola, chip manufacturers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, and carriers including T-Mobile.

Then Google Chairman and CEO Eric Schmidt was quoted as saying, “Today’s announcement is more ambitious than any single ‘Google Phone’ that the press has been speculating about over the past few weeks. Our vision is that the powerful platform we’re unveiling will power thousands of different phone models.”

The public beta of Android version 1.0 launched for developers on November 5, 2007.

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (4)

The T-Mobile G1/HTC Dream

(Video) The History Of Android. The Evolution Of The Biggest Mobile OS In The World. Fact Series:Ep-22.

In September 2008, the very first Android smartphone was announced: the T-Mobile G1, also known as the HTC Dream in other parts of the world. It went on sale in the US in October of that year. With its pop-up 3.2-inch touchscreen combined with a QWERTY physical keyboard, the phone wasn’t precisely a design marvel. Indeed, the T-Mobile G1 got pretty bad reviews from technology media outlets. The device didn’t even have a standard 3.5mm headphone jack which, unlike today, was pretty much a de facto phone feature among Android’s competition.

However, the Android 1.0 OS inside already had the trademarks of Google’s plan for the OS. It integrated a number of the company’s other products and services. This includes Google Maps, YouTube, and an HTML browser (pre-Chrome) that used Google’s search services. It also had the first version of Android Market. Google proudly stated the app store would have “dozens of unique, first-of-a-kind Android applications.” These features sound pretty primitive now, but this was just the beginning of Android’s rise in the mobile device market.

Android history: All the major OS versions so far

Android 1.5 Cupcake

The first official public codename for Android didn’t appear until the release of version 1.5 Cupcake in April 2009. The credit for naming Android versions after desserts has traditionally gone to project manager Ryan Gibson. However, his specific reasons for using such a naming convention remain unknown.

Cupcake added quite a few new features and improvements compared to the first two public versions. This includes things we now take for granted, such as the ability to upload videos to YouTube, a way for phones’ displays to rotate automatically, and support for third-party keyboards.

Some of the phones released with Cupcake installed out of the box included the first Samsung Galaxy phone andthe HTC Hero.

Android 1.6 Donut

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (6)

Google quickly launched Android 1.6 Donut in September 2009. The new OS now offered support for carriers using CDMA-based networks. This allowed Android phones to be sold by all carriers around the world.

Other features included the introduction of the Quick Search Box, and quick toggling between the Camera, Camcorder, and Gallery to streamline the media-capture experience. Donut also introduced the Power Control widget for managing Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, GPS, etc.

One of the phones sold with Donut installed was the ill-fated Dell Streak. It had a giant (at the time) 5-inch screen, and was described on our own site as a “smartphone/tablet.” These days, a 5-inch display is considered relatively small for a smartphone.

Android 2.0-2.1 Eclair

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (7)

In October 2009 — about a year after the launch of Android 1.0 — Google released version 2.0 of the OS, with the official codename Eclair. This version was the first to add text-to-speech support, and also introduced live wallpapers, multiple account support, and Google Maps navigation, among many other new features and improvements.

The Motorola Droid was the first phone that sported Android 2.0 out of the box. The Droid was also the first Android-based phone sold by Verizon Wireless. In a funny bit of trivia, while Google was safe to use Android as the name for its OS, the term “Droid” was trademarked by Lucasfilm, in reference to the robots of the Star Wars franchise. Motorola had to get permission and pay some money to Lucasfilm to use the name for its phone. Motorola continued using the Droid brand for many of its phones as late as 2016.

Android 2.2 Froyo

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (8)

Android 2.2 Froyo (short for “frozen yogurt”) was officially launched in May 2010. Smartphones sporting Froyo could take advantage of several new features, including Wi-Fi mobile hotspot functions, push notifications via the Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service, flash support, and more.

The first smartphone in Android history to carry Google’s Nexus branding — the Nexus One — launched with Android 2.1 out of the box earlier in 2010, but quickly received an over-the-air update to Froyo later that year. This marked a new approach for Google, with the company working closer than ever before with hardware manufacturer HTC to showcase pure Android.

Android 2.3 Gingerbread

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (9)

Android 2.3 Gingerbread was launched in September 2010. The OS received a user interface refresh under Gingerbread. It added support for using near field communication (NFC) functions for smartphones with the required hardware. The first phone to sport both Gingerbread and NFC hardware was the Nexus S, co-developed by Google and Samsung. Gingerbread also laid the groundwork for the selfie by adding support for multiple cameras and video chat support within Google Talk.

Android 3.0Honeycomb

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (10)

This version of the OS is perhaps the oddball of the bunch. Honeycomb was created for tablets and other mobile devices with larger displays. It was first introduced in February 2011, along with the Motorola Xoom tablet. It included features like a redesigned UI for large screens and a notification bar on the bottom of a tablet’s display.

(Video) The History Of Android. The Evolution Of The Biggest Mobile OS In The World-2. Fact Series:Ep-31.

The idea was that Honeycomb would offer features that could not be handled by the smaller displays found on smartphones at the time. It was also a response by Google and its third-party partners to the 2010 release of Apple’s iPad. Even though Honeycomb was available, some tablets were still released with the smartphone-based Android 2.x versions. In the end, Honeycomb ended up being a version of Android that did not see wide adoption. Google decided to integrate most of its features in its next major 4.0 version, Ice Cream Sandwich. It’s a bit of an outlier in Android history.

Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (11)

Released in October 2011, Android’s Ice Cream Sandwich version brought several new features. It combined many of the options of the tablet-only Honeycomb version with the smartphone-oriented Gingerbread. It also included a “favorites tray” on the home screen, along with the first support for unlocking a phone by using its camera to take a picture of its owner’s face. That kind of biometric sign-in support has evolved and improved considerably since.

Other notable changes with ICS included support for all on-screen buttons, swipe gestures to dismiss notifications and browser tabs, and the ability to monitor your data usage over mobile and Wi-Fi.

Android 4.1-4.3 Jelly Bean

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (12)

The Jelly Bean era in Android history began in June 2012 with the release of Android 4.1. Google quickly released versions 4.2 and 4.3 under the Jelly Bean label in October 2012 and July 2013, respectively.

Some of the new additions in these software updates included new notification features that displayed more content or action buttons, along with full support for the Android version of Google’s Chrome web browser, which was included in Android 4.2. Google Now also made an appearance as part of Search, while “Project Butter” was introduced to speed up animations and improve Android’s touch responsiveness. External Displays and Miracast also gained support, as did HDR photography.

Android 4.4 KitKat

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (13)

Android 4.4 is the first OS version that used a previously trademarked name for a piece of candy. Before officially launching in September 2013, the company released hints at its Google I/O conference that year that the codename for Android 4.4 would be “Key Lime Pie.” Indeed, most of Google’s Android team thought that would be the case as well.

As it turned out, Google’s director of Android global partnerships, John Lagerling, thought that “Key Lime Pie” would not be a familiar enough name to use worldwide. Instead, he decided to do something different. He contacted Nestle, the creators of the KitKat bar, and asked them if they could use the name for Android 4.4. Nestle agreed, and KitKat became the name of the next Android version. It was an experiment in marketing that Google didn’t rekindle until the launch of Oreo (we’ll get to that).

KitKat didn’t have many new features, but it did have one thing that helped expand the overall Android market. It optimized Android to run on smartphones with as little as 512 MB of RAM. This allowed phone makers to use the latest version of Android on much cheaper handsets. Google’s Nexus 5 smartphone was the first with Android 4.4 pre-installed.

Android 5.0 Lollipop

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (14)

First launched in the fall of 2014, Android 5.0 Lollipop was a major shakeup in the overall look of the operating system. It was the first version of the OS that used Google’s new Material Design language. It made liberal use of lighting and shadow effects, among other things, to simulate a paper-like look for the Android user interface. The UI also got some other upgrades, including a revamped navigation bar, rich notifications for the lock screen, and much more.

The subsequent Android 5.1 update made a few more under-the-hood changes. This included official support for dual-SIM, HD Voice calls, and Device Protection to keep thieves locked out of your phone even after a factory reset.

Google’s Nexus 6 smartphone and Nexus 9 tablet were the first devices to have Lollipop pre-installed.

Android 6.0 Marshmallow

Released in the fall of 2015, Android 6.0 Marshmallow used the sweet treat favored by campers as its main symbol. Internally, Google used “Macadamia Nut Cookie” for Android 6.0 before the official Marshmallow moniker marked its place in Android history. It included features such as a new vertically scrolling app drawer, along with Google Now on Tap, native support for fingerprint biometric unlocking, USB-C support, the introduction of Android Pay (now Google Pay), and much more.

The first devices that shipped with Marshmallow pre-installed were Google’s Nexus 6P and Nexus 5X smartphones. It also came on the Pixel C tablet.

Android 7.0 Nougat

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (16)

Version 7.0 of Google’s mobile operating system launched in the fall of 2016. Before the reveal of Nougat, Google internally called Android N “New York Cheesecake.” Nougat’s many new features included better multi-tasking functions for the growing number of smartphones with bigger displays, such as split-screen mode, along with quick switching between apps.

Google made some big changes behind the scenes too. It switched to a new JIT compiler to speed up apps, supported the Vulkan API for faster 3D rendering, and enabled OEMs to support its now-defunct Daydream VR platform.

Google also used the release to make a bold push into the premium smartphone market. The company’s own Pixel and Pixel XL, along with the LG V20, were the first to be released with Nougat pre-installed.

(Video) EVOLUTION OF ANDROID OPERATING SYSTEM - History of Android OS 1 to 12 (2008-2021)

Android 8.0 Oreo

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (17)

In March 2017, Google officially announced and released the first developer preview for Android O, also known as Android 8.0. Before that release, Hiroshi Lockheimer, the senior vice president of Android at Google, posted a GIF of an Oreo cake on Twitter — the first solid hint that Oreo, the famous cookie, would indeed be the official codename for Android 8.0.

In August, Google confirmed the cookie-inspired public name for Android 8.0. It was the second time the company chose a trademarked name for Android (Nabisco owns Oreo). In a break from its tradition, Google showed off the Android Oreo mascot statue for the first time at a press event in New York City. Google erected a second statue at its main headquarters later that day.

Android Oreo packed in lots of visual changes to the Settings menu. It also included native support for picture-in-picture mode, notification channels, new autofill APIs to better manage passwords and fill data, and much more. Android Oreo first came installed on Google’s own Pixel 2 phones.

Android 9.0 Pie

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (18)

Google launched the first developer preview of the next major Android update, Android 9.0 P, on March 7, 2018. On August 6, 2018, the company officially launched the final version of Android 9.0. The official codename was “Pie.”

Android 9.0 Pie included some significant new features and changes, which proved to be important in Android history. One of them ditched the navigation buttons in favor of one elongated button in the center. Swiping up from it brings up Overview. You can swipe left to see all your recently opened apps. It’s also possible to drag the home button to the right to scroll through your apps quickly.

Android 9.0 Pie also included some new features designed to help extend your smartphone’s battery life. Android 3.0 achieves this using on-device machine learning. This predicts which apps you will use, and which apps you won’t use until later. Pie also has Shush. This feature automatically puts your phone in Do Not Disturb mode when you flip it over. There’s also Slices, which provides a smaller version of an installed app inside Google Search, offering certain app functions without opening the entire application.

As usual, Android 9.0 Pie was available first officially for Google’s Pixel phones, but it also launched on the Essential Phone at the same time.

Android 10

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (19)

Ten years after the launch of the OS, we got another major Android history milestone. Google launched the first official developer preview of Android Q, on March 13, 2019. On August 22, 2019, Google announced a major refresh of the Android brand. That included a new logo and, more importantly, the decision to ditch the traditional dessert name for the next version. As a result, Android Q launched as Android 10. On September 3, 2019, it launched for Google’s Pixel devices.

Android 10 had many new features and improvements, as well as several new APIs. That included support for the rush of then-upcoming foldable phones. Android 10 also introduced a system-wide dark mode, along with new gesture-navigation controls, a more efficient sharing menu, smart reply features for all messaging apps, and more control over app-based permissions.

Android 11

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (20)

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

On February 18, Google launched the first Developer Preview for Android 11. After several more public beta releases, the final version of Android 11 launched on September 8, 2020.

Android 11 has arrived with plenty of new features. That includes a new Conversations notification category where the system gathers all of your chats from various apps. You also have the option to save every notification that has appeared on your phone in the past 24 hours. A new feature lets you record your phone’s screen, complete with audio, without needing a third-party app. There’s also a new section of Android 11 dedicated to controlling smart home devices.

Read more: The best Android 11 features you need to know

Pixel phones, however, are getting an Android 11 exclusive feature. It uses AI and machine learning to control which apps appear on your phone’s dock.

Google mounted its traditional statue to celebrate Android 11’s launch, but it also released an AR version of the statue for all Android ARCore phones. It even has a couple of Easter Eggs, including a recipe for making red velvet cake. That also happens to be the internal codename for the OS at Google.

Android 12

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (21)

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

The latest (as of this writing) version of the OS, Android 12, first launched on February 18 in a Developer Preview version. While the internal code name for the OS was reported to be “Snow cone,” this software update was simply released as “Android 12.”

Android 12 was officially launched on October 19, 2021, alongside the Pixel 6 series. Likely the most significant upgrade you’ll notice in this software version is a complete overhaul of the user interface. Google returned to the drawing board to create a more dynamic and relatable interface. They’ve called it Material You.

(Video) The History Of Android | Evolution Of Android OS

Material You blends multiple elements into a single design language across the whole Android experience. For example, the UI can extract colors from your wallpaper and use them to theme the rest of the experience. Widgets are easier to use and much more adaptable to their environment. Quick Settings turned into larger tiles for easier access. The Settings menu now has a cleaner look with larger text. There are also smoother animations.

There are also a plethora of other minor improvements. These include scrollable screen captures, nicer notifications, App Search, easier Wi-Fi sharing with Nearby Share, One-handed mode, audio selection access from the media player, and more. We have a post with all the Android 12 features if you want to dig deeper into this OS version.

In March 2022, Google launched a big update, Android 12L. Most of its new features are designed for devices with bigger screens, like tablets and foldable phones. They include multiple split screen orientations and sizes, a way to see notifications and the quick settings menu side-by-side, a PC-like taskbar, and more.

Here: A complete list of Android 12 features

Android 13

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (22)

As of this writing, the next version of Android is on its way. Google launched the first developer preview of Android 13 in February 2022, and the first public beta for Pixel devices launched in April 2022. We can expect to see more beta releases before the final version of the OS launches, which may happen as early as August 2022. By the way, the internal code name for Android 13 is “Tiramisu.”

Some of the new features in the early developer and beta builds include a way to theme your phone’s icons, support for Bluetooth LE Audio, and an updated Now Playing widget. The OS will also include a revamped silent mode that will take away everything. This includes vibrations and haptics if someone calls. You can also shut down app notifications right when you install a new app. The Fast Pair feature will automatically sense if you have a nearby device, and will ask if you wish to link to it.

Read more: Android 13 features: Everything you need to know

We have reason to believe there won’t be an Android 13L coming out, and instead, we’ll jump straight to Android 14

Android 14

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (23)

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Android 13 is yet to come, but we’re already hearing some Android 14 rumors. We don’t know much about features and improvements yet, but apparently, the upcoming Android version codename is to be called “Upside Down Cake.”

The future of Android

Android history shows the mobile OS has come a long way since its humble beginnings. It is the leading mobile operating system worldwide, nearing a 70% market share.

The Mountain View company is still furthering the development of Android. There are signs its long-term plans could extend further afield, though.

Android continues to go from strength to strength, but there are challenges ahead.

Google has been working for the last few years on stages of an all-new OS called Fuchsia that may support everything from smartphones to tablets, and even notebook and desktop PCs. In 2019, Google launched a development board site for Fuchsia, and in 2021, it launched a version of the OS for its first general Google Nest Hub smart display. However, since then, there hasn’t been much in the way of news about further updates. It remains to be seen if Fuchsia will ever hit the mainstream or be resigned to the Google Graveyard alongside so many other projects.

In the meantime, Android continues to go from strength to strength — though challenges areon the horizon.

The history of Android: The evolution of the biggest mobile OS in the world (24)

Eric Zeman / Android Authority

The Android history with update rollouts has improved thanks to initiatives like Project Treble and Project Mainline, but fragmentation is still a concern. Likewise, while companies like Samsung and OnePlus have committed to offering three years or more of OS upgrades and security updates for many of their phones, many OEMs still end support at two years or even just 12 months.

Google’s flagbearer in Android history — the Google Pixel series — continues to divide critics and consumers, but the real concern is the increasingly experimental form factors from other phone makers — form factors that stretch the boundaries of Android’s current capabilities. Foldable phones and dual-screen phones may be a nascent category with luxury price tags and niche appeal, but they’ve already exposed the weaknesses of Android as an OS for larger screen sizes.

While it may soon need to adapt to unique designs, Android will likely continue to dominate the market. The OS comes on phones sold for less than $100. It’s also available in expensive flagship devices that cost well over $1,000. That flexibility, combined with yearly updates, should ensure Android will remain the leader in this industry for years to come.

FAQs

What is the history of Android operating system? ›

Android began in 2003 as a project of the American technology company Android Inc., to develop an operating system for digital cameras. In 2004 the project changed to become an operating system for smartphones. Android Inc., was bought by the American search engine company Google Inc., in 2005.

What is Android OS explain the evolution and advantages of Android? ›

Android is an open source and Linux-based Operating System for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Android was developed by the Open Handset Alliance, led by Google, and other companies.

What is Android evolution? ›

From the inaugural release till date, the evolution of Android was conceptual, functional and visually pleasing with passing time. The OS from Google was started on a dull note but now has changed the phase of mobile app development.

What is the largest mobile operating system? ›

Android

Which is the first OS for mobile? ›

The first commercially available phone running Android was HTC Dream, in 2008.

What is Android very short answer? ›

Android is a mobile operating system based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

What is Android OS means? ›

Android OS is a Linux-based mobile operating system that primarily runs on smartphones and tablets. The Android platform includes an operating system based upon the Linux kernel, a GUI, a web browser and end-user applications that can be downloaded.

What is mobile OS explain with example? ›

A mobile operating system (OS) is software that allows smartphones, tablet PCs (personal computers) and other devices to run applications and programs. A mobile OS typically starts up when a device powers on, presenting a screen with icons or tiles that present information and provide application access.

What is the importance of Android OS on smartphones available in the market? ›

Developers can write and register apps that will specifically run under the Android environment. This means that every mobile device that is Android enabled will be able to support and run these apps.

Why is it called an Android? ›

Albertus Magnus allegedly created. By the late 1700s, "androides", elaborate mechanical devices resembling humans performing human activities, were displayed in exhibit halls. The term "android" appears in US patents as early as 1863 in reference to miniature human-like toy automatons.

Why is Android so important? ›

Android allows phone manufacturers to produce relatively advanced devices without worrying about software-this makes them cheaper and gets them into the hands of more people. While smartphones are ubiquitous in the United States and Europe, they amount to only 30 percent of all phones sold.

Why is Android used? ›

The first reason why Android is so widely used is that it is compatible with all the major browsers within your mobile ecosystem which endears it to the mobile users. Android is an open source platform and which is one of its biggest strengths as compared to any other operating system of the past or the present.

Why Android is most popular operating system in the world? ›

We look at five major reasons that contribute to Android's popularity and widespread adoption.
  1. More Smartphone Makers Use Android. ...
  2. Android Devices Span All Price Ranges. ...
  3. Android Has Wider Compatibility for Devices. ...
  4. Android's AI and Software Features Have Caught Up. ...
  5. There's a Greater Variety of Android Devices.
2 Apr 2019

Which is best OS in Android? ›

Best Android Alternatives (Updated 2022)
  • GrapheneOS.
  • KaiOS.
  • Sailfish OS.
  • Plasma Mobile / postmarketOS.
  • Ubuntu Touch.
  • Mobian.
  • Tizen OS.
  • CalyxOS.
25 May 2022

Which Android OS is most used? ›

Android 10

What is the name of mobile OS? ›

The most well-known mobile OSs are Android, iOS, Windows phone OS, and Symbian. The market share ratios of those OSs are Android 47.51%, iOS 41.97%, Symbian 3.31%, and Windows phone OS 2.57%. There are some other mobile OSs that are less used (BlackBerry, Samsung, etc.)

What is latest Android operating system? ›

The latest version of Android OS is 12, released in October 2021. Learn more about OS 12, including its key features. Older versions of Android include: Tiramisu (OS 13)

What is the first OS name? ›

Mainframes. The first operating system used for real work was GM-NAA I/O, produced in 1956 by General Motors' Research division for its IBM 704.

What is Android give example? ›

Android is a software package and linux based operating system for mobile devices such as tablet computers and smartphones. It is developed by Google and later the OHA (Open Handset Alliance). Java language is mainly used to write the android code even though other languages can be used.

What is Android phone example? ›

Popular Android devices include smartphones, tablets and e-readers. The Android OS is also built into a limited number of other devices, such as netbooks, portable music players, the Binatone iHome Phone and Odroid handheld game consoles.

Where is Android operating system used? ›

The Android operating system is a mobile operating system that was developed by Google (GOOGL​) to be primarily used for touchscreen devices, cell phones, and tablets.

Is Android a good OS? ›

At the end of the day, there are a lot of reasons that make Android a better choice for both end users and app developers. The software is simple to use, free and allows a lot more flexibility. You have a lot more freedom as an app user and developer using Android.

Why is mobile OS important? ›

It delegates resources like memory and storage space based on the actions you take on your phone, for example opening an app or making a call. The mobile OS also acts as a foundation upon which other applications can be built, without the need for developers to create everything from scratch.

What is an OS short answer? ›

An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API).

What are the functions of operating system? ›

Functions of Operating System
  • File Management. An operating system's (OS) primary function is to manage files and folders. ...
  • Device management. Operating systems provide essential functions for managing devices connected to a computer. ...
  • Process management. ...
  • Memory management. ...
  • Job Accounting.
23 Sept 2022

Which is the world OS used in mobile? ›

Android maintained its position as the leading mobile operating system worldwide in August 2022, controlling the mobile OS market with a close to 70 percent share, while iOS accounted for around 28 percent of the mobile operating system market.

What are three benefits of the Android operating system for mobile devices? ›

What are the advantages of using Android on your device?
  • 1) Commoditized mobile hardware components.
  • 2) Proliferation of Android developers.
  • 3) Availability of Modern Android Development Tools.
  • 4) Ease of connectivity and process management.
  • 5) Millions of available apps.
12 Oct 2016

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Android OS? ›

Advantages and disadvantages of android
  • Android is totally open because it is a Linux based open source.
  • Multitasking.
  • Excellent software support.
  • It gives you a better notification.
  • It let you choose your hardware.
  • It has a better app market.
  • Frequent OS updated.
  • A more mature platform.

What is another name for Android? ›

What is another word for android?
robotcyborg
automatonmachine
humanoidbionic man
bionic personmechanical man
droidmechanical
5 more rows

What is the original name of Android? ›

Overview
NameInternal codenameInitial stable release date
Android 1.0September 23, 2008
Android 1.1Petit FourFebruary 9, 2009
Android CupcakeCupcakeApril 27, 2009
Android DonutDonutSeptember 15, 2009
30 more rows

Which OS is mostly used in world? ›

Global market share held by computer operating systems 2012-2022, by month. Microsoft's Windows is the most widely used computer operating system in the world, accounting for 70.68 percent share of the desktop, tablet, and console OS market in August 2022.

Which type of OS is best? ›

10 Best Operating Systems for Laptops and Computers [2022 LIST]
  • Comparison Of The Top Operating Systems.
  • #1) MS-Windows.
  • #2) Ubuntu.
  • #3) Mac OS.
  • #4) Fedora.
  • #5) Solaris.
  • #6) Free BSD.
  • #7) Chrome OS.
24 Sept 2022

Which Android OS is fastest? ›

OnePlus ups animations and motion to really make it feel as though OxygenOS is far and away the fastest version of Android. The introduction of 90Hz refresh rate displays ups the ante further still.

Is mobile OS the most popular after Android? ›

Apple's App Store generated 87.3% more consumer spending than Google Play Store. Android is the most popular mobile OS in the world's most populous continent (with over 83.53%)

Why Android is the best OS for mobile? ›

Android's global appeal

And there are reasons why Android is so popular: The OS is free to distribute, OEMs have control over the hardware, and Google frequently updates the OS and core apps, keeping the platform fresh.

What is OS types of OS name? ›

Linux, Windows, macOS. 64-bit OS and 32-bit OS. Batch OS, Time-Sharing OS, Distributed OS, Real-Time OS, Networking OS.

What is device OS? ›

Device OS is low-level firmware code that supports a Particle device's basic functions. You can think of Device OS as the operating system (OS) for Particle's embedded hardware. Like an operating system for a computer, Particle Device OS provides a foundation for other applications to run on.

What are the 5 operating system? ›

Some examples of operating systems include Apple macOS, Microsoft Windows, Google's Android OS, Linux Operating System, and Apple iOS.

What is OS full name? ›

operating system (OS), program that manages a computer's resources, especially the allocation of those resources among other programs.

What is an operating system class 8? ›

An Operating System is the interface between the computer hardware and the end-user. Processing of data, running applications, file management and handling the memory is all managed by the computer OS.

What is an operating system class 7? ›

An operating system is a program which acts as an interface between a computer hardware and users of the computer. It provides such an operating system, the primary goal is to make computer system convenient to use and the secondary goal is to use the computer hardware in an effective manner.

What is the history of operating system? ›

Microsoft created the first window operating system in 1975. After introducing the Microsoft Windows OS, Bill Gates and Paul Allen had the vision to take personal computers to the next level. Therefore, they introduced the MS-DOS in 1981; however, it was very difficult for the person to understand its cryptic commands.

Who introduced Android operating system? ›

The Android operating system is a mobile operating system that was developed by Google (GOOGL​) to be primarily used for touchscreen devices, cell phones, and tablets.

Who invented Android operating system? ›

Android

How old is the Android operating system? ›

The version history of the Android mobile operating system began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, 2007. The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released on September 23, 2008.

Why is history of operating system important? ›

The history of computer software clearly shows that integrating technologies into the operating system tends to lead to much wider adoption and a virtuous cycle of ecosystem development around those technologies—think TCP/IP in networking or any of a wide range of security-related features.

Which is the first OS in world? ›

Mainframes. The first operating system used for real work was GM-NAA I/O, produced in 1956 by General Motors' Research division for its IBM 704.

What is an operating system explain? ›

An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the operating system by making requests for services through a defined application program interface (API).

Why is it called Android? ›

Before founding Android Inc. and joining Google, Andy Rubin worked at Apple from 1989 to 1992. At Apple, he was given the nickname “Android” for his love of robots. In fact, Android.com was Rubin's own personal website until 2008.

Why is Android used? ›

The first reason why Android is so widely used is that it is compatible with all the major browsers within your mobile ecosystem which endears it to the mobile users. Android is an open source platform and which is one of its biggest strengths as compared to any other operating system of the past or the present.

What is latest Android operating system? ›

The latest version of Android OS is 12, released in October 2021. Learn more about OS 12, including its key features. Older versions of Android include: Tiramisu (OS 13)

What is the importance of Android OS on smartphones available in the market? ›

Developers can write and register apps that will specifically run under the Android environment. This means that every mobile device that is Android enabled will be able to support and run these apps.

What is new in Android? ›

EV charging, parking and navigation apps are now available to use in Android Auto. Plus, we've improved the messaging experience, so you can access your favorite messaging apps from the launcher screen. You can easily read and send new messages directly from apps like WhatsApp or Messages — now available globally.

What was the first Android OS name? ›

The very first version of Android was called as Android 1.0, which was also known as Android Alpha, then came its successor Android 1.1 or Android Beta. From then on up until the Android 10 release, every Android version was launched in a dessert name as the Android versions were a bit confusing.

Which is better Android or OS? ›

Android is not more secured because it is an open-source platform. The Windows operating system offers you more security as compared to Android OS. The Windows Store is not as simple as the Android Operating system. To upload any apps, users need to go through strict security checkups.

When was the first Android operating system? ›

Android made its official public debut in 2008 with Android 1.0 — a release so ancient it didn't even have a cute codename.

Videos

1. Evolution of Mobile Phones 📱
(Magnify)
2. (UPDATED!) Most Popular Mobile OS 1999 - 2019
(Data Is Beautiful)
3. A brief history of Android
(The Verge)
4. Evolution of Phones | 1876 - 2020
(WatchMedia)
5. How Android Destroyed Samsung OS.
(Mrwhosetheboss)
6. Evolution of Cell Phones 1983 - 2020 | History of Mobile phones, Documentary video
(Explain Like I’m Five)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Lidia Grady

Last Updated: 12/09/2022

Views: 5435

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (65 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Lidia Grady

Birthday: 1992-01-22

Address: Suite 493 356 Dale Fall, New Wanda, RI 52485

Phone: +29914464387516

Job: Customer Engineer

Hobby: Cryptography, Writing, Dowsing, Stand-up comedy, Calligraphy, Web surfing, Ghost hunting

Introduction: My name is Lidia Grady, I am a thankful, fine, glamorous, lucky, lively, pleasant, shiny person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.